How Can You Tell The Difference Between Viral And Bacterial Parotitis?

How is Parotitis diagnosed?

Diagnosis.

and Gram stain may support the diagnosis of acute suppurative parotitis.

Cultures may be obtained from parotid needle aspiration (3).

Late in the course of the infection, massive swelling of the neck and respiratory obstruction may occur..

Is Parotitis bacterial or viral?

Acute parotitis is recent swelling of one or both of the salivary glands. There are a number of causes, including viruses and bacteria. Acute viral parotitis is not a common symptom of influenza virus infection and is much more commonly seen following infection with the mumps virus.

Why is Parotitis so painful?

Parotitis is a painful swelling of your parotid glands, which are salivary glands located between the ear and jaw. The most common cause is a virus, such as mumps, herpes, or Epstein-Barr. Bacterial infections, diabetes, tumours or stones in the saliva glands, and tooth problems also may cause parotitis.

What are the signs and symptoms of parotitis?

SymptomsFace pain.Fever.Headache.Sore throat.Loss of appetite.Swelling of the parotid glands (the largest salivary glands, located between the ear and the jaw)Swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area)

Can you have Parotitis without mumps?

Acute, viral non-mumps parotitis (NMP) is an infrequently recognized illness that occurs sporadically and has been associated with multiple etiologic agents, including adenoviruses, enteroviruses (coxsackieviruses, echoviruses), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpes virus (HHV) 6A and 6B, influenza A(H3N2) and …

What are the complications of parotitis?

Complications of parotitis may involve extension of infection into sensitive structures of the neck, leading to massive swelling, obstructive respiratory dysfunctions, septicemia, facial bone osteomyelitis, and septic jugular thrombophlebitis.

How can you tell the difference between mumps and Parotitis?

Parotitis usually lasts at least 2 days, but may persist longer than 10 days. Mumps infection may also present only with nonspecific or primarily respiratory symptoms, or may be asymptomatic.

Which virus causes parotitis?

Of the many viral infections resulting in parotitis, mumps (a paramyxovirus) is the classic cause of epidemic parotitis. [4] Other viral causes include coxsackie A virus, cytomegalovirus, echovirus, enterovirus, influenza, and parainfluenza viruses.

What are the stages of mumps?

Mumps is a highly contagious viral infection. Mumps has an incubation period of 14-18 days from exposure to onset of symptoms. The duration of the disease is approximately seven to 10 days. The initial symptoms of mumps infection are nonspecific (low-grade fever, malaise, headache, muscle aches, and loss of appetite).

What does Parotitis feel like?

Acute bacterial parotitis: The patient reports progressive painful swelling of the gland and fever; chewing aggravates the pain. Acute viral parotitis (mumps): Pain and swelling of the gland last 5-9 days. Moderate malaise, anorexia, and fever occur. Bilateral involvement is present in most instances.

Will Parotitis go away on its own?

Saliva then can’t flow normally from the parotid gland into your mouth. Salivary gland stones are the most common cause of this condition. Symptoms can include pain and swelling in the area around the back of your jaw. The condition often goes away on its own with little treatment.