Quick Answer: What Are The 4 Basic Rules For Medication Administration?

How many times should you check medications before administration?

But, it’s not only critical to ensure this information is correct, you should check three times: The first check is when the medications are pulled or retrieved from the automated dispensing machine, the medication drawer, or whatever system is in place at a given institution..

What are the 7 rights of a patient?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What are the patient’s rights to refuse treatment?

Every competent adult has the right to refuse unwanted medical treatment. This is part of the right of every individual to choose what will be done to their own body, and it applies even when refusing treatment means that the person may die.

How do you ensure safe medication administration?

Safety considerations:Plan medication administration to avoid disruption: … Prepare medications for ONE patient at a time.Follow the SEVEN RIGHTS of medication preparation (see below).Check that the medication has not expired.Perform hand hygiene.Check room for additional precautions.Introduce yourself to patient.More items…

How do you explain drugs to patients?

However, if you prescribe the medication, explain why you chose that specific medication. Tell them how the medicine will improve their blood pressure. Tell them what effects to notice and how long until they appear. Explain to your patients what side effects are normal and which ones are abnormal.

What are the 3 checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What is Level 3 medication?

The Level 3 BTEC Award in Working with Medication has been developed from the standards developed by Skills for Care This qualification is for those who wish to develop their knowledge of safe handling of medication, anyone who is working in an environment where they are involved in the supply, storage, administration …

What should you check before administering medication?

Check that the prescription is unambiguous/legible and includes the medicine name, form (and/or route of administration), strength and dose of the medicine to be administered (RPS and RCN, 2019).

How long after eating can I take medicine?

However, as a general rule you should take medicine on an empty stomach (one hour before eating or 2 hours after) unless advised otherwise. This is because many medicines can be affected by what you eat and when you eat it.

Do you have to wear gloves when administering medication?

As a minimum you will be required to wash your hands and wear gloves when administering medicines to residents.

What is one of your main responsibilities in medication administration?

Administer and document medications given by common routes (e.g., oral, topical) Administer and document medications given by parenteral routes (e.g., intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous) Participate in medication reconciliation process.

What are the 4 routes of medication administration?

Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. … Sublingual. … Rectal administration. … Topical administration. … Parenteral administration. … Intravenous injection.

What are the six ways to administer medication?

Methods to Administer DrugsIntravenous (IV) (into a vein)Oral (by mouth)Intramuscular (IM) injection (into a muscle)Subcutaneous (SC) injection (under the skin)Intrathecal Therapy (within the spinal canal)

What are the 10 rights of the patient?

Ensuring the following rights:right PATIENT.right MEDICATION.right REASON.right DOSE – for the patient’s weight.right ROUTE.right FREQUENCY.right TIME.right SITE.

How is the route of administration of medication determined?

Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration. Routes can also be classified based on where the target of action is.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the 10 R’s of medication administration?

The essential concepts for PRN medication training are the 10 “rights” of medicines management: right patient, right reason, right drug, right route, right time, right dose, right form, right action, right documentation and right response [85] .

What is oral use?

Oral administration is a route of administration where a substance is taken through the mouth. Per os abbreviated to P.O. is sometimes used as a direction for medication to be taken orally.

Do all drugs enter the bloodstream?

How does medication enter the bloodstream? The vast majority of medications are taken orally and are broken down within the gastrointestinal tract. Once the medication arrives, it is broken down by stomach acids before it passes through the liver and then enters the bloodstream.

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What 4 Things Must doctors know before administering a drug?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors.