What Is The Most Common Complication Of A Bacterial Meningitis Infection?

What can happen if meningitis is not treated?

If left untreated, the infection can cause brain damage or even death.

Antibiotics can usually eliminate the bacteria.

Still, about 10 to 15 percent of cases result in death even when antibiotics are used.

Among people who recover, 11 to 19 percent will experience long-term complications..

Why is bacterial meningitis such a serious infection?

Bacterial meningitis can be life threatening. The infection can cause the tissues around the brain to swell. This in turn interferes with blood flow and can result in paralysis or even stroke.

Can you survive meningitis without treatment?

In most cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most people who get mild viral meningitis usually recover completely in 7 to 10 days without treatment. Antiviral medicine may help people with meningitis caused by viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza.

How can you test for meningitis at home?

The meningitis glass testPress the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin.Spots/rash may fade at first.Keep checking.Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.Do not wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, get medical help immediately.

What are the complications of bacterial meningitis?

The longer you or your child has the disease without treatment, the greater the risk of seizures and permanent neurological damage, including:Hearing loss.Memory difficulty.Learning disabilities.Brain damage.Gait problems.Seizures.Kidney failure.Shock.More items…•

What are the long term side effects of bacterial meningitis?

Long-term effects and outlookblindness.deafness.seizures.fluid around the brain (hydrocephalus)brain damage.learning difficulties.

How do people get bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis occurs when these bacteria get in your bloodstream and travel to your brain and spinal cord to start an infection. Most bacteria that cause this form of infection are spread through close personal contact, such as: coughing. sneezing.

How long is bacterial meningitis contagious for?

What is the incubation period of Bacterial Meningitis and how long is it contagious? Symptoms generally develop 1-10 days after exposure, but usually less than 4 days. Meningitis is contagious until at least 24 hours after treatment with antibiotics the bacteria is sensitive to.

Can meningitis cause problems later in life?

Hence, bacterial meningitis is associated with learning and memory deficits, cognitive deficiencies and sensorimotor impairments including hearing and visual loss, and motor dysfunction [9]–[11]. Up to a third of all survivors suffer transient or permanent deafness or other neurological sequelae [12].

Can you fully recover from bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities) can result from the infection.

What is the survival rate for bacterial meningitis?

There is a 10 percent death rate from bacterial meningitis, but if diagnosed and treated early enough, most people recover.

How long does it take to fully recover from bacterial meningitis?

If you are diagnosed with viral meningitis, you will usually find that symptoms improve within a few days and most recover fully after one to four weeks. It is common for you to experience tiredness for a longer period following this.

How can you tell the difference between viral and bacterial meningitis?

The clues that the doctor uses are the levels of white cells, protein and glucose in the CSF. Typically in bacterial meningitis the white cell count is much higher than in viral meningitis (and is a different type of white cell), the protein is much higher and the glucose is much lower than in viral meningitis.

How are patients physically affected by bacterial meningitis?

The most common symptoms of bacterial meningitis are: Painful, stiff neck with limited range of motion. Headaches. High fever.

What part of the neck hurts with meningitis?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.